Watermelons (Citrullus lunatus) are in the family Cucurbitaceae and are divided into types based on their weight, its believed to have originated in Africa, evidence of watermelon cultivation has been found in ancient hieroglyphics in Egypt and India, dating back to 2500 BC. David Livingston found wild watermelons.
There are over 1,200 varieties of watermelon worldwide, of watermelon range in weight from less than 1 kg to more than 90 kilograms the flesh can be red, pink, orange, yellow or white.
Watermelons are a sweet, usually consumed fresh in slices, diced in mixed fruit salads, or as juice. Watermelon juice can be blended with other fruit juices or made into wine.
The seeds have a nutty flavor and can be dried and roasted, or ground into flour
Watermelon rinds may be eaten, but most people avoid eating them due to their unappealing flavor. They are used for making pickles
- Watermelon fruit is 91% water, contains 6% sugars, and is low in fat
- Watermelon fruit supplies 30 calories and low amounts of essential nutrients in a 100 gram serving .
- Vitamin C is present in appreciable content at 10% of the Daily Value Watermelon pulp contains carotenoids, including lycopene.
- The amino acid citrulline is produced in watermelon rind or peel.
Watermelon have various health benefits which include the following:
Watermelon’s high levels of lycopene are very effective at protecting cells from damage and may help lower the risk of heart disease, reduce hypertension and lower blood pressure in obese people. Watermelon may be especially important for older women. A study done in US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health in Menopause found that postmenopausal women, a group known to have increased aortic stiffness, The authors of the study attributed the benefits to citrulline and arginine can help improve blood flow and may help reduce the accumulation of excess fat.
The watermelon contains fiber, which encourages a healthy digestive tract and helps keep you regular.
Skin and hair benefits:
Vitamin A is stellar for your skin, and just a cup of watermelon contains nearly one-quarter of your recommended daily intake of it. Vitamin A helps keep skin and hair moisturized, and it also encourages healthy growth of new collagen and elastin cells, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Vitamin C is also beneficial in this regard, as it promotes healthy collagen growth.
“Watermelons help with overall hydration, and that is a great thing, they say we can get 20-30 percent of our fluid needs through our diet alone.
Like other fruits and vegetables, watermelons may be helpful in reducing the risk of cancer through their antioxidant properties. Lycopene in particular has been linked to reducing prostate cancer cell proliferation
Watermelon is rich in phenolic compounds like flavonoids, carotenoids, and triterpenoids. The carotenoid lycopene in watermelon is particularly beneficial in reducing inflammation and neutralizing free radicals. The effects of frozen storage conditions on lycopene stability in watermelon tissue.